The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia. It contains the world’s largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc. It also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong (‘sea cow’) and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction.
- It is the largest coral reef system in the world and is also the largest existing living structure.
- Astronauts can see the Great Barrier Reef from space.
- Climate change is a huge threat to this fragile ecosystem and warmer ocean temperatures is putting the corals under stress which leads to coral bleaching.
Year of Inscription: 1981
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